Women have many folds in her life. As long as health is concerned. There are almost uncountable things regarding her health she has to deal with. This includes her menstrual cycle, pregnancy, intercourse intricacies, skin problems, vaginal problems, and most significant the breast issues. A woman’s most delicate part of her body is her breasts. It’s the most soft yet delicate part of the body that is fixed outside the body. Means like other organs such as the uterus, vagina, and other organs are hidden within the body, the breast is an operational organ too (it produces milk and use for breastfeeding) yet fixed outside. Thus, demands more attention and care if develop any disease.
How many Women Developed Breast Cancer in the World?
Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer in the UK. Most women diagnosed with breast cancer are over 50, but younger women can also get breast cancer. Advances in screening and treatment have improved survival rates dramatically since 1989. There are around 3.1 million breast cancer survivors in the United States (U.S.). The chance of any woman dying from breast cancer is around 1 in37, or 2.7 percent. In 2017, around 252, 710 new diagnoses of breast cancer are expected in women, and around 40,610 women are likely to die from the disease. Over265,000 new cases of invasive breast cancer will be diagnosed each year in women and over 2,200 in men; approximately 40,000 women and 480 men will die. There are over 3.1 million breast cancer survivors in the United States. The five-year survival for all breast cancer patients is nearly 90%.
Breast Cancer can be Cure in the Modern World;
About one in eight women are diagnosed with breast cancer during their lifetime. There is a good chance of recovery if it’s detected in its early stages. For this reason, it’s vital that women check their breasts regularly for any changes and always get any changes examined by their GP.
Common Causes of Breast Cancer;
The exact causes of breast cancer are not fully understood. However, there are certain factors known to increase the risk of breast cancer. These include:
- Age – the risk increases as you get older
- A family history of breast cancer
- A previous diagnosis of breast cancer
- A previous benign breast lump
- Being tall, overweight or obese
- Excessive use of alcohol
Signs and Symptoms of Breast Cancer;
The most common symptom of breast cancer is a new lump or mass. A painless, hard mass that has irregular edges is more likely to be cancer, but breast cancers can be tender, soft, or rounded. They can even be painful. For this reason, it is important to have any new breast mass, lump, or breast change checked by a health care professional experienced in diagnosing breast diseases. Other possible symptoms of breast cancer include:
- Swelling of all or part of a breast (even if no distinct lump is felt)
- Skin irritation or dimpling (sometimes looking like an orange peel)
- Breast or nipple pain
- Nipple retraction (turning inward)
- Redness, scaled skin, or thickening of the nipple or breast skin
- Nipple discharge (other than breast milk)
Not All the Signs indicate Breast Cancer only;
Sometimes a breast cancer can spread to lymph nodes under the arm or around the collar bone and cause a lump or swelling there, even before the original tumour in the breast is large enough to be felt. Swollen lymph nodes should also be checked by a health care provider. Although any signs can be caused by things other than breast cancer, if you have them, they should be reported to a health care professional so that the cause can be found.
Why Do Women Develop Breast Cancer? Main Reasons!
Common reasons that are hidden from our eyes but actually before us are described here. These reasons are very common and easy to access but on the course of our busy life, we sometimes don’t notice those reasons. The exact cause remains unclear, but some risk factors make it more likely. Some of these are preventable. www.healthline.com
the risk increases with age. At 20 years, the chance of developing breast cancer in the next decade is 0.6 percent. By the age of 70 years, this figure goes up to 3.84 percent. Because women have experienced most of the incidents and stages of their lives. Like pregnancy https://www.theshreds.org/pregnancy-an-amazing-process/ , then breastfeeding, living with husband. So breasts have been used to certain extent. Thus the chances of developing breast cancer are vibrant in old age.
2. Genetics can be the cause;
If a close relative has or has had, breast cancer, the risk is higher. Women who carry the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes have a higher risk of developing breast cancer, ovarian cancer or both. These genes can be inherited. TP53 is another gene that is linked to a greater breast cancer risk. These genes can be transmitted into you through your mother, grandmother and through your ancestors.
3. A history of breast cancer or breast lumps;
Women who have had breast cancer before are more likely to have it again, compared with those who have no history of the disease. Having some types of benign, or non-cancerous breast lumps increases the chance of developing cancer later on. There are profound treatments for breast cancer now, still people who have breast cancer at one point in life, can develop breast cancer again.
4. Dense breast tissue can lead to breast cancer;
Breast cancer is more likely to develop in higher density breast tissue. Without breast cancer, you may have soft tissue delicate enough like a flower and actually fixed like a flower petals. But when you are drown in breast cancer your tissue develop density. Means unusual thickness is formed in the breast tissues.
5. Estrogenic exposure and breast-feeding;
oestrogen is a female sex hormone. That determine woman’s sex characteristics and activities. Being exposed to estragon for a longer period appears to increase the risk of breast cancer. This could be due to starting periods earlier or entering menopause later than average. Between these times, oestrogen levels are higher.
Breast-feeding, especially for over 1 year, appears to reduce the chance of developing breast cancer, possibly because pregnancy followed by breastfeeding reduces exposure to estragon.
6. Body weight would be a big cause of breast cancer;
Women who are overweight or have obesity after menopause may have a higher risk of developing breast cancer, possibly due to higher levels of oestrogen. High sugar intake, fast food and baked goods may also be a factor.
7. Alcohol consumption can leads to breast cancer;
A higher rate of regular alcohol consumption appears to play a role. https://www.theshreds.org/underage-drinking-in-the-world-and-ways-to-stop-it/ Studies have shown that women who consume more than 3 drinks a day have a 1.5 times higher risk. A woman should not take alcohol for many reasons. Not just because of breast cancer but also it will harm her in many ways.
8. Radiation exposure and breast cancer;
Undergoing radiation treatment for a cancer that is not breast cancer increases the risk of breast cancer later in life. These treatments includes kidney stones crushing, liver damage and skin problems. The chances of breast cancer brighten with radiation treatment. www.nih.gov
9. Hormone treatments;
The use of hormone replacement therapy(HRT) and oral birth control pills have been linked to breast cancer, due to increased levels of oestrogen. One should control the appetite for sex instead of taking birth control pills. Or should use precautions while having sex to skip the danger of breast cancer.
10. Occupational hazards and breast cancer are inseparable;
in 2012, researchers concluded that exposure to certain carcinogens and endocrine disruptors, for example in the workplace, could be linked to breast cancer. Scientists suggested that working night shifts could increase the risk of breast cancer, but more recent research concludes this is unlikely.
Best Options for Breast Cancer Treatment;
Some treatments remove or destroy the disease within the breast and nearby tissues, such as lymph nodes. These include:
- Surgery to remove the whole breast, called a mastectomy, or to remove just the tumour and tissues around it, called a lumpectomy or breast-conserving surgery. There are different types of mastectomies and lumpectomies.
- Radiation therapy, which uses high-energy waves to kill cancer cells.
- Chemotherapy uses drugs to kill cancer cells. As these powerful medicines fight the disease, they also can cause side effects, like nausea, hair loss, early menopause, hot flashes, and fatigue.
- Hormone therapy uses drugs to prevent hormones, especially oestrogen, from fuelling the growth of breast cancer cells.
- Medicines include tamoxifen for women before and after menopause and aromatase inhibitors for postmenopausal women. Side effects can include hot flashes and vaginal dryness. Some types of this therapy work by stopping the ovaries from making hormones, either through surgery or medication.
- Fulvestrant is an injection that keeps oestrogen from attaching to cancer cells.
- Targeted therapy helps more. These
medicines prompt the body’s immune system to destroy cancer. They target breast
cancer cells that have high levels of a protein called HER2.
Become familiar with your breasts through breast self-exam for breast awareness. Women may choose to become familiar with their breasts by occasionally inspecting their breasts during a breast self-exam for breast awareness. If there is a new change, lumps or other unusual signs in your breasts, talk to your doctor promptly.
How can you safe yourself from breast cancer? Self care!
Breast awareness can‘t prevent breast cancer, but it may help you to better understand the normal changes that your breasts undergo and identify any unusual signs and symptoms.
Drink alcohol in moderation, if at all. Limit the amount of alcohol you drink to no more than one drink a day, if you choose to drink.
Exercise most days of the week. Aim for at least 30 minutes of exercise on most days of the week. If you haven’t been active lately, ask your doctor whether it’s OK and start slowly.
Limit postmenopausal hormone therapy. Combination hormone therapy may increase the risk of breast cancer. Talk with your doctor about the benefits and risks of hormone therapy. Some women experience bothersome signs and symptoms during menopause and, for these women, the increased risk of breast cancer may be acceptable in order to relieve signs.
Maintain a healthy weight. If your weight is healthy, work to maintain that weight. If you need to lose weight, ask your doctor about healthy strategies to accomplish this. Reduce the number of calories you eat each day and slowly increase the amount of exercise.
Choose a healthy diet. Women who eat Mediterranean diet supplemented with extra-virgin olive oil and mixed nuts may have a reduced risk of breast cancer. The Mediterranean diet focuses mostly on plant-based foods, such as fruits and vegetables, whole grains, legumes, and nuts. People who follow the Mediterranean diet choose healthy fats, such as olive oil, over butter and fish instead of red meat. These people will have lesser chance of developing breast cancer.
The Bottom Line;
We are living in the 21st century. Where the causes for any disease could be many and awareness campaign for those diseases will meet us a little later. To save yourself from breast cancer you have to count all the options that can help even a bit. Breast cancer is spreading in the world rapidly. The smallest reason for this is tight bra fittings. That can be a cause for lump or tumour. So have loose fitting bras that fit to your breasts and consider every option to skip the chances of breast cancer.