(Last Updated On: July 31, 2018)

Struggle is human’s life second name. It’s the struggles and hardships that lead humans to different problems whether physical or social. With social problems, you can deal with, but when it comes to physical problem, man has to bend down for a moment. These physical hurts starts from scratch. Scratches and cuts are usually seems minor to look and feel but scratches leads to wounds and then scars. It’s important to have complete detail about scratch.

Scratch;

Scratch on Human Skin

Scratch is the area of damage on the surface of the skin. A cut is a line of damage that can go through the skin and into the muscle tissues below, whereas a scratch is surface damage that does not penetrate the lower tissues. Cuts and scratches may bleed or turn red, become infected, and leave scars.

Different reasons of scratches on skin?

There can be different types of scratches. A scratch is usually the result of an encounter with a sharp object, such as a knife or razor blade. Objects with thin edges, like a piece of paper or a thin cardboard box, can also create cuts if not handled carefully. Or a scratch may be caused by an encounter with an abrasive surface, such as sandpaper, unfinished wood, or concrete. Wounds inflicted by animals, such as those caused by cats’ claws, are often classified as scratches.

What causes scratch on the skin?

When people who have skin problems lightly scratch their skin, the scratch get extremely red and into a raised wheal similar to hives. These marks usually disappear within 30 minutes. The cause of skin problem is unknown, but it can be triggered in some people by infections, emotional upset or medications such as penicillin. www.nhs.uk

World scenario of people having scratch and skin problems;

10 out of hundred people are having skin problems. So scratch ratio over people have more or less contained same density. Regions that have constant whether  for over 3 months have people with sensitive skin therefore, people of such regions have to deal with scratches that can be appear on a mere rubbing on skin. Such people also have to deal with bruises, abrasions and other skin problems. Children get more scratches then the elders. Because children’s skin is way more delicate to deal with outside challenges like sun rays, pollution, and dust. That’s why there are more cases of scratches on children skin rather then elders.

What Causes Scratch in Eye and how to heal it?

scratch in eyes

Superficial eye scratch tends to heal quickly, usually within two or three days. But other type of scratches on eyes may require an antibiotic ointment that stays on the eye longer, a steroid to decrease inflammation and scarring, and something to relieve pain and light sensitivity. By minor steps you can safe your eyes from further problems.

  • DO rinse your eye with saline solution or clean water.
  • DO blink.
  • DO pull your upper eyelid over your lower eyelid.
  • DO wear sunglasses.
  • DON’T rub your eye.
  • DON’T touch your eye with anything.
  • DON’T wear your contact lenses.

Types of Scratch and Skin Injury;

There are different types of scratches. Such as:

Cuts, lacerations, gashes and tears. These are wounds that go through the skin to the fat tissue. Such scratches caused by a sharp object.

Scrapes, abrasions, scratches and floor burns. These are surface wounds that don’t go all the way through the skin. Scrapes are common on the knees, elbows and palms.

Bruises. These are bleeding into the skin from damaged blood vessels. It caused by a blunt object. They can occur without a cut or scrape.

Main difference between Cuts and Scratches;

scratches on hand

The skin is about 1/8 inch (3 mm) thick. A cut goes through it. A scratch or scrape (wide scratch) doesn’t go through the skin. Cuts that gape open at rest or with movement need stitches to prevent scarring. Scrapes and scratches never need stitches, no matter how long they are. So this distinction is important.

How to Heal a Scratch: Exact Treatment;

treatment for scratches on hand

Step 1:

Clean the scratch with water and soap. Since scratches open your skin to infection, it’s imperative that you keep them clean, even if they don’t seem deep or serious.

Step 2:

Apply a thin layer of antibiotic ointment over the surface of the scratch. This creates a temporary barrier between the scratch and dirt and germs, while killing any bacteria that could cause infection and slow the healing process.

Step 3:

Cover your scratches with a bandage only if they are on an area of the body that is susceptible to dirt or friction. Scratches heal well when exposed to open air, unless your clothing constantly rubs at the area and peels away the new skin healing over the scratch. www.cdc.gov

Step 4:

Keep your hands away from the scratch as it heals. As the scratch heals over, a scab often forms to protect the open skin below. Peeling or picking at the scabs might be tempting, but it slows the healing process and leads to scarring when you don’t allow the skin cells to generate and heal. Picking at scabs also transfers bacteria from your hands to the open wound, increasing your risk of infection.

Step 5:

Watch the scratch for signs of infection. The time it takes for your scratch to heal depends on the depth and severity of damage, but if your scratch begins oozing a discharge becomes red and inflamed, feels warm to the touch or is painful, contact your doctor. The scratch is likely infected and needs antibiotics to clear the infection before it becomes worse.

How to heal Minor Cuts, Scrapes or Bruises? And there Treatments;

Use direct pressure to stop any bleeding. Do this for 10 minutes or until the bleeding stops. Wash the wound with soap and water for 5 minutes. Try to rinse the cut under running water. Never soak a wound that might need sutures. It may become more swollen and harder to close. Gently scrub out any dirt with a washcloth. Use an antibiotic ointment (such as Polypore). No prescription is needed. Then, cover it with a bandage. Change daily.

Liquid Skin Bandage for Minor Cuts and Scrapes:

Liquid skin bandage seals wounds with a plastic coating. It lasts up to 1 week. Liquid skin bandage has several benefits compared to other bandages. Liquid bandage only needs to be put on once. It seals the wound and may promote faster healing and lower infection rates. Also, it’s water-proof. Wash and dry the wound first. Then, put on the liquid. It comes with a brush or swab. It dries in less than a minute.

 Bruises:

Use a cold pack or ice bag wrapped in a wet cloth. Put it on the bruise once for 20 minutes. This will help to stop the bleeding. After 48 hours, use a warm wet wash cloth. Do this for 10 minutes 3 times per day. This helps to reabsorb the blood.

Pain Medicine:

To help with the pain, give an acetaminophen product (such as Tylenol).Another choice is an ibuprofen product (such as Advil).Use as needed.

Tetanus Shot:

A tetanus shot update may be needed for cuts and other open wounds. Check your vaccine records to see when your child got the last one.

For Clean Cuts:

If last tetanus shot was given over 10 years ago, it’s safe to give it within 3 days or less. Small cuts and scrapes heal up in less than a week.

Precautions regarding Scratch;

Scratch on Human Skin and care

Don’t get involve on any activity carelessly. Take every activity with full precautions regarding it when it comes to get physical. Cover yourself with thick clothes. Take under consideration all the weather if you feel unusual itching. Because when the weather changes, then usually itching starts and a minor rub can cause scratch. Don’t put creams and medicines on mere scratch. It will heal with the passage of time. Try to hide yourself from dust and dirt. Take bath after one day. Look after your hygiene.

Conclusion

Scratches are superficial wounds on the surface of the skin. While scratch is generally mild wounds that don’t cause long-term damage to the skin, allowing your scratch to become infected prolongs the healing process and increases your risk for scarring. Keep scratches clean, dry and bacteria-free to make sure they are only fleeting marks on your skin. As your life may be full of obstacles and difficulties and its normal if you may have scratches through your life. All you have to do is to do something to heal your scratch.

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