As far as our eating habits are concerned, we don’t take a second look at what we are eating and how it can harm us in many ways. It’s human nature. We can’t help it. What we can do is to be a little more careful on hygiene. Sometimes it’s not about hygiene but the spices that have been used in the meal we are taking. These are the spices that cause eventually heartburn. Heartburn is usually not a big deal but can be if won’t treated properly.
The Mechanism of the Body and From Where Heartburn Came;
The oesophagus is a tube that connects the mouth to the stomach. It is made of muscles that work to push food toward the stomach in rhythmic waves. Once in the stomach, food is prevented from refluxing, by a special area of circular muscle located at the junction of the oesophagus and stomach, called the lower oesophageal sphincter. (From where heartburn occurs)
The stomach combines food, acids, and enzymes together to begin digestion. There are special protective cells that line the stomach to prevent the acid from causing heartburn. The oesophagus does not have this same protection, and if stomach acid and digestive juices reflux back into the oesophagus, they can cause heartburn and damage to its unprotected lining. www.healthline.com
Global Scenario of Heartburn among People;
Surveys suggest that as many as 25% to 40% of adults have experience heartburn once a month, while about 7% to 10% have daily heartburn. Heartburn occurs more often in males and in people over the age of 40 years. An estimated 14–20% of all adults in the US have heartburn in some form or another. The most common symptom of heartburn is known as a painful, burning feeling in the chest or throat.
Researchers estimate that around 7% of Americans suffer from heartburn daily. Of those who regularly experience heartburn, 20–40% is diagnosed with gastro oesophageal reflux disease (GERD), which is the most serious form of heartburn. GERD is the most common digestive disorder in the US. https://www.theshreds.org/heart-the-strongest-organ-of-the-living-beings/
How Heartburn Happens?
Heartburn is a painful burning feeling in your chest or throat. It happens when stomach acid backs up into your oesophagus, the tube that carries food from your mouth to your stomach. If you have heartburn more than twice a week, you may have GERD. But you can have GERD without having heartburn.
Common Occurrences of Heartburn During Pregnancy;
Heartburn and indigestion are common in pregnancy, due to hormonal changes and the baby pressing against the stomach. There are diet and lifestyle changes that can often help to relieve the symptoms of heartburn. The American Pregnancy Association suggests:
- Eating five to six small meals throughout the day.
- Not lying down within an hour of eating.
- Avoiding fatty and spicy foods.
- Before eating, it may help to eat some yogurt or drink some milk, possibly with a spoonful of honey in it.
The Common Causes of Heartburn;
is actually a symptom of GERD (gastro oesophageal reflux disease), and is
caused by heartburning back into the oesophagus. Risk factors include those
that increase the production of acid in the stomach, as well as structural problems
that allow heartburn into the oesophagus.
Some common foods that we eat and drink stimulate increased stomach acid secretion setting the stage for heartburn. Over-the-counter medications also may precipitate heartburn. Examples of these irritants include:
- Aspirin (Bayer, etc.)
- Ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil, Nuprin, etc.)
- Naproxen (Naprosyn, Aleve)
- Carbonated beverages,
- Acidic juices (grapefruit, orange, pineapple)
- Acidic foods (tomatoes, grapefruit, and oranges),
- Chocolate. www.nih.gov
Renowned Symptoms of Heartburn;
The symptoms of heartburn are fairly obvious to most sufferers. The most common is a feeling of warmth or heat, sometimes burning, in the chest and throat, caused by the stomach acid. Other symptoms include:
- Burning sensation in the middle of the chest.
- Rising pain, possibly reaching the jaw.
- Burning and indigestion-like pain.
- Foul, acrid taste in the mouth.
Some Top Food Items to Stave Off Heartburn from You at Home;
There are numbers of food items that can save you from heartburn. If you take a bit interest in the significance, you will be mesmerized with the benefits.
This low-acid fruit can help those with heartburn by coating an irritated oesophageal lining and thereby helping to combat discomfort and heartburn.
Like bananas, melons also are a highly alkaline fruit, helps to prevent heartburn.
A teaspoon of baking soda neutralizes stomach acid so that even if it comes up, you won’t feel heartburn. Mix 1 teaspoon of baking soda with 8 ounces of water and drink all of it. Repeat as needed, but don’t exceed seven doses in one day. Avoid using this remedy for more than a week, due to its high salt content and other side effects like swelling or nausea.
People experiencing GERD can get some relief by chewing sugar-free gum for 30 minutes after they eat, according to a study conducted by the Journal of Dental Research. Chewing a piece of gum stimulates the salivary glands, this increases saliva. The saliva helps wash away any heartburn. Chew one piece after you eat and note the difference.
Ginger tea is great for many stomach ailments and heartburn, from the common stomach ache to nausea to chronic heartburn. For full flavour, simmer slices of ginger root in water for 30 minutes. For maximum benefit, drink the tea before a meal to prevent GERD and heartburn.
Mustard is full of minerals and contains vinegar, a weak acid. It also contains alkaline, which neutralizes the acid that comes up due to GERD and heartburn. Try taking 1 teaspoon of straight mustard when you feel a bout of heartburn coming on, or if you’re already experiencing symptoms of heartburn. https://www.theshreds.org/7-super-useful-ways-to-get-rid-from-asthma/
To balance the acidity levels in your stomach, drink a cup of chamomile tea 30 minutes to an hour before bedtime. Chamomile also reduces stress levels, which can contribute to heartburn. Simply boil water, stir in chamomile petals and let them simmer for about 45 seconds. Strain them out and pour the tea into a mug, adding honey or lemon as preferred.
“DO’S and DONT’S” to Escape Heartburn;
There are certain things you should not do to avoid heartburn. Those are described in detail. www.mayoclinic.org
1. Don’t Lie Down After Eating;
When you eat a meal and then lie flat, the contents of your stomach can more easily be pushed back up, as it puts pressure on your oesophageal sphincter and cause heartburn. If you’re upright, however, gravity works in your favour, helping to keep food down and take away heartburn. It’s best to eat three to four hours before you know you’ll be lying down to allow time for your food to fully digest.
2. Eat Fruit as Much as You can to Avoid Heartburn;
And not just any fruit. Bananas have natural antacid properties that counteract heartburn. Eat a fully ripened banana each day to reduce the discomfort of acid and heartburn coming back up. Another great fruit to try is an apple. To prevent heartburn at night, slice up an apple and enjoy it a few hours before bedtime. Other fruits that can reduce instances of GERD and heartburn are honeydew, cantaloupe and watermelon. Be sure to avoid fruits with high acidic content such as oranges, grapefruit and pineapple. Those can lead to heartburn.
3. Don’t Drink Too Much Coffee;
Studies show that coffee temporarily weakens the lower oesophageal sphincter, increasing the risk of heartburn. Some evidence points towards caffeine as a possible culprit of heartburn. Similar to coffee, caffeine weakens the lower oesophageal sphincter then end up heartburn. Additionally, drinking decaffeinated coffee has been shown to reduce heartburn compared to regular coffee.
4. Avoid Raw Onion to Skip Heartburn;
One study in people suffering from heartburn showed that eating a meal containing raw onion significantly increased heartburn, acid reflux and belching compared with an identical meal that didn’t contain onion. More frequent heartburn might suggest that more gas is being produced due to the high amounts of fermentable fibre in onions. Raw onions might also irritate the lining of the oesophagus, causing worsened heartburn.
5. Don’t Drink Too Much Citrus Juice;
In a study of 400 GERD patients, 72% reported that orange or grapefruit juice worsened their heartburn symptoms. The acidity of citrus fruits doesn’t appear to be the only factor contributing to heartburn and others effects. Orange juice with a neutral pH also appears to aggravate heartburn signs. Since citrus juice doesn’t weaken the lower oesophageal sphincter, it is likely that some of its constituents irritate the lining of the oesophagus and initiate heartburn.
6. Consider Eating Less Chocolate to Avoid Heartburn;
GERD and heartburn patients are sometimes advised to avoid or limit their consumption of chocolate. However, the evidence for this recommendation is weak.
One small, uncontrolled study showed that consuming 4 ounces (120 ml) of chocolate syrup weakened the lower oesophageal sphincter therefore cause heartburn.
7. Elevate the Head of Your Bed or Take More Pillows while Sleeping;
Some people suffer from heartburn symptoms during the night. This may disrupt their sleep quality and make it difficult for them to fall asleep. One study showed that patients who raised the head of their bed had significantly fewer heartburn episodes and symptoms, compared to those who slept without any elevation. Additionally, an analysis of controlled studies concluded that elevating the head of the bed is an effective strategy to reduce heartburn at night
8. Don’t Sleep on Your Right Side;
Several studies show that sleeping on your right side may worsen heartburn symptoms at night. The reason is not entirely clear, but is possibly explained by anatomy. The oesophagus enters the right side of the stomach. As a result, the lower oesophageal sphincter sits above the level of stomach acid and heartburn when you sleep on your left side. When you lay on your right side, stomach acid covers the lower oesophageal sphincter. This increases the risk of acid leaking through it and causing heartburn. www.nhs.uk
The Bottom Line;
Heartburn is not something that cannot be treated well. Heartburn can be easily handled with the mere precautions and tips. Heartburn is the situation that is finely treated in home. All you have to do is to be careful in the first place. Do not try those things that cause inflammations in your stomach and then therefore lead you towards heartburn. Include exercise into your daily schedules. Surround yourself with such people that promote healthy eating. By doing such things, you can cure yourself from heartburn perpetually.